Monday, May 25, 2020

Nutritional Aspects Of Diabetes Mellitus - 2330 Words

Kyunga Lee Professor: Dr. Makuba Lihono Nutrition Aging Mon. May 18th, 2015 Diabetes Mellitus in Older Adults Nutritional Aspects of Diabetes Mellitus The prevalence of diabetes increases with age. Approximately 21% of older adults aged 60 years in the United States have diabetes. According to CDC, from 1980 through 2011, the rate of diagnosed diabetes increased 167% for people aged 0-44 years, 118% for those aged 45-64 years, 140% (9.1% to 21.8%) for those aged 65-74 years, and 125% (8.9% to 20.0%) for those aged 75 years and older. In general, throughout the time period, the rate of diagnosed diabetes increased among people of all age groups. In 2011, the prevalence of diabetes among people aged 65-74 (21.8%) was more than 13 times that of people younger than 45 years of age (1.6%). According to Gambert and Pinkstaff, with advanced age insulin sensitivity in muscle and adipose tissue decline and this can result in hyperinsulimia (2006). Progressive beta cell loss, influence of free fatty acids, and inflammatory adipocytokines result in glucose intolerance and eventually the development of diabetes mellitus type 2. Usually by the time an individual is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 80% of beta cell function is lost (Gambert Pinkstaff, 2006). Elderly people tend to have impaired glucose tolerance, however, only 10% of the difference in total serum glucose response to an oral glucose load is affected. The glucose intolerance of aging is manifested primarily byShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Gestational Diabetes1016 Words   |  5 PagesOne of the most common metabolic disorders during pregnancy is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and its occurrence continues to increase (8). The 2004 analysis by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention states that cases of GDM are at 9.2%. The American Diabetes Association defines GDM as a condition where glucose levels are higher than normal either at the start or during pregnancy (1). The definition is used whether insulin or only diet modification is used for treatment and even if theRead MoreDiabetes Mellitus And Contemporary Naturopathic Medicine1493 Words   |  6 PagesDiabetes Mellitus and Contemporary Naturopathic Medicine The world is plagued with an overwhelming amount of chronic health conditions. Many people accept this as a part of life, sometimes just assuming it will happen to them because their parents or grandparents suffered with the same condition. Many of these chronic conditions are linked and can shorten your lifespan and increase the amount of pain that a person has to deal with daily. Usually a person suffers with more than one of these conditionsRead MoreA Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On The Quality Of Life3510 Words   |  15 Pages Diabetes has been portrayed as an epidemic affecting an expected 104 million individuals around the world. Diabetes is not only a typical chronic ailment as well as it meets all 3 criteria for a public health disease (Cockram, 2000). The objective of the clinical administration of all types of diabetes is to control metabolic disorders related to diabetes without adversely affecting the quality of life (Renders, et al. 2000). The research study is focused on management of diabetes mellitus in AsianRead MoreTeaching The Patient With Diabetes Mellitus Type Two869 Words   |  4 PagesTeaching the Patient with Diabetes Mellitus Type Two Introduction Teaching self-care management in today’s society has become a crucial aspect in medical treatment. Providing educational consultation for the patient creates awareness towards progressive overall health. Nurses are an important medium of the interdisciplinary team when patient teaching is involved. The nurse will provide education to the patient and family while under the nurse’s care. In order for teaching to be effective: the nurseRead MoreAnalyzing The Snap Risk Factor Reduction Strategy And Its Purpose Essay1536 Words   |  7 Pagesthen goals to lose a certain amount of weight is made and goals to eat set amounts of nutritional foods is made (RACGP 2015). - Assisting Giovani by producing a plan tailored specifically for him to manage his weight and a diet plan in accordance with dietary guidelines. - Arranging a weight loss problem and regular visits with the GP. Question 7 Using the RACGP guidelines for DM management, describe the nutritional guidelines Giovanni will need to follow once he is discharged (6 marks) Once GiovanniRead MorePlan Of Care For A Diabetic Essay1541 Words   |  7 Pagestypes of Diabetes Mellitus; Type 2 is the most common type and the one that I have chosen to focus on due to the personal nature in my family, the high prevalence among Hispanics like myself, and for the large arena of educational improvements that can be made. According to Healthy People 2020, Diabetes Mellitus affects an estimated 23.6 million people in the United States and is the 7th leading cause of death (HealthyPeople.gov, 2016). Educating as many people with Diabetes Mellitus as possibleRead MoreAnalytical Essay : Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus2084 Words   |  9 PagesIntroduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was a disease that was thought to have a rare occurrence in children and adolescents a couple decades ago. Nevertheless, researchers have begun to observe the rise in type 2 diabetes mellitus in both adults and children (1). Even though type 1 diabetes mellitus is still the main form of the disease in young people, it is most likely that type 2 diabetes mellitus will prevail in young patients in the near future. Type 2 diabetes mellitus has already been presentedRead MoreWomen s Prevalence Of Diabetes1487 Words   |  6 Pagesprevalence of diabetes is 3 to 5 times higher in First Nations than in the general population† (Introduction section, para. 1). Gestational diabetes mellitus is just one of the many types of diabetes Aboriginal people are faced with. It is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy; when your body is unable to produce an adequate amount of insulin to cope with fluctuating hormones and a growing baby (Harris, Bhattach aryya, Dyck, Hayward, Toth, 2013). Although gestational diabetes mellitus (GMD)Read MoreThe Importance Of A Patient Newly Diagnosed With Iddm1502 Words   |  7 PagesInsulin dependent diabetes mellitus, or IDDM, is something that I have always had an interest and passion for. At the age of twelve, I was diagnosed with IDDM. At that time, my life changed drastically. I went from being what I considered to be a â€Å"normal† twelve year old to â€Å"different. The things that I have done and learned throughout the course of my life with diabetes, has allowed me to better relate to my patients and help them out during their time of illness. I am blessed and thankful thatRead MoreDiabetes Mellitus : Top Ten Killer Disease1632 Words   |  7 PagesDiabetes Mellitus: Top Ten Killer Disease Diabetes mellitus (also known as diabetes) is the cause of 1.5 million human deaths in the world and is anticipated to be the 7th leading cause of death in the year 2030 (Diabetes, 2015). Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by a lack of or non-production of insulin, which is supplied by the pancreas and created from Islets of Langerhans. Insulin and glucose work as a team to enter the body’s bloodstream and get burned to create energy for the body. Therefore

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Essay on Is the Utilization of Learning Styles Necessary

There is a great debate raging throughout the educational system in America today. At the heart of this battle is the question over whether or not educators should alter their lesson plans to reflect the learning styles of their students. Many of us have heard someone say, â€Å"I couldn’t figure out what they were saying, but once they showed me how I was able to do it.† This is an example of someone’s learning style. A learning style is the way a person prefers to process, internalize, and remember new information or concepts. On one side of this debate are those educators that believe students should adapt to the teacher’s way of teaching, and that some students will just have to try harder than others to be successful learners. Then there†¦show more content†¦There are other variables when examining learning styles that take a little more time to uncover, but are equally as important. There are some people who believe that if the way things have been done in the past worked then why change and do them differently now. Some educators seem to trust this adage still today. They utilize the same lesson plans and reading assignments and lectures semester after semester never questioning whether or not their students are in fact involved in the learning process or if their students really know the information. Neil D Fleming, Educational Developer at Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand and co-developer of VARK a guide to learning styles once wrote, â€Å"If access to information was knowledge then libraries would grant degrees to every student who borrowed 65 books.† On the surface this practice would be absurd yet is this not exactly what is being practiced by the educators who just expect their students to learn because the reading was assigned or the lecture was given? Students are being expected to â€Å"know† the real world applications of the subject being taught through a book or a lecture. Some students are never even allowed to manipulate or misapply the information supplied so that they can learn through their mistakes, they only â€Å"parrot† back the same dry factsShow MoreRelatedLearning Style Essay871 Words   |  4 PagesLearning Style Following a review of the Vark Questionnaire and Analysis, it has been determined that preferred learning style is multimodal. The Multimodal learning preference refers to the utilization of multiple learning strategies which consists of Aural, Visual, Read-Write and kinesthetic learning preferences (ARK). Statistically, 60% of any population is believed to utilize multiple preferences for learning strategy. In utilizing the multimodal style of learning, one is able to use multipleRead MoreDefinition And Features Of School Uniforms Essay844 Words   |  4 Pagesp dir=ltr style=line-height:2.4;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: center; id=docs-internal-guid-bff5b218-0883-fd5c-4afa-e9daad63dcf9span style=font-size:24px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;School Uniforms: A Justified Solution/span/pp dir=ltr style=line-height:2.4;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;span style=font-size:24px;font-famiRead MoreSchool Uniforms And Schools Uniforms819 Words   |  4 Pagesindividuals do not know is that, in fact, school uniforms would enhance how the learning environment functions. Surely, when schools provide their students with uniforms, they are not providing their students with dreadful apparel, they are providing their students with an opportunity to chang e; whether it be a chance for a student to change their role academically, or a chance for a student to fit in. School uniforms are a necessary component needed in schools, for they show school unity, develop betterRead MoreLiterature Review : The Class Collage By Jeff Sommers1503 Words   |  7 Pagesthat is a contemplative tone when he reflected on the ethical issue of sweatshops. Along with the tone of the articles, both also showed usage of italicizing words to show emphasis. Other stylistic feature that was apparent in the articles is the utilization parenthesis and rhetorical questions. Before the introduction, an abstracted is included. The information that it entails is a short summary that is to the point about the whole articles main ideas and objective. Along with the abstract, bothRead MoreTeaching And Learning Process Faculty1191 Words   |  5 PagesTo maximize the teaching and learning process faculty must make conscious multiple teaching methods to assist with the development of critical thinking. The use of multiple assessment techniques to monitor and evaluate the learning process support both formative and summative assessment. Evidence-based decisions will dramatically improve the learning outcomes. The American Nurses Association (as cited in Su, 2007) supports the application of the nursing process as the foundation of decision makingRead MoreA Personal Philosophy Of Education Essay1164 Words   |  5 Pagesself-knowledge of the professor is critical for meaningful learning to occur. Self-knowledge through reflection allows the professor to embra ce teaching through the eyes of a scholar; thus providing a diverse learning environment supporting engagement and motivation of the learner. This paper describes a specific academia’s mission and vision and why it resonates with me. This paper also explores my personal philosophy of education, ascertaining the learning theory I identify with the most. Mission and VisionRead MoreEvaluation of School Improvement Essay1547 Words   |  7 PagesHunter indicated the learning environment should be positive, inviting, friendly, clean, and safe. Visitors should feel welcomed as they enter the school building. Dr. Hunter noted positive learning environment celebrates the diversity of the school population. The positive learning environment reflects the culture, belief, and values of the community, which is woven into the fabric of the school curriculum (Nolan, 2008). Dr. Hunter was certain the school represented a learning environment, whichRead MoreA Critique Of Leadership Style1132 Words   |  5 Pagesmethods. I will describe my current preceptor’s leadership style, giving an example of an observed valuable leadership strategy and why I found it to be successful. Shadowed by an example of an observed unsuccessful leadership strategy, how I responded, and a recommended strategy for the situation described. Ending with the t ype of leader I aspire to be in the future and my final thought regarding leadership. Preceptor Leadership Style First, I will critique the Nurse Manager for Baker City HealthRead MoreSchizophrenia And Medication Adherence And Health Care Utilization1293 Words   |  6 PagesTypically a prescription for antipsychotics is necessary not only to reduce positive and negative symptoms but also to assist the patient in participation with psychotherapy. Unfortunately, given the nature of schizophrenia, adherence with medication’s can be rather challenging and increase the risk for hospitalization. Authors Markowitz, Karve, Panish, Candrilli and Alphs (2013) researched patterns of medications adherence and health care utilization in schizophrenia, their findings revealed thatRead MoreAcademic Success : A Student1251 Words   |  6 Pageseducational goals, achieving academic integrity by realizing its importance, efficient utilization of the university?s resources, maintain educational goals for self-development and the importance of writing process in advancing studies and career. Personal Learning Style and its Advantages A student must develop a personal learning style which effectively opens up different platforms of educational enrichment. My learning style ensures that all lectures and classes are attended with any pre-reading that

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Light and Dark in Antigone - 1194 Words

Use of Light and Dark in Antigone The Golden Age of Greece is noted for its many contributions to the creative world, especially in its development of the play. These performances strived to emphasize Greek morals, and were produced principally for this purpose. Antigone, by Sophocles, is typical. The moral focused on in Antigone is the conflict between physis (nature) and nomos (law), with physis ultimately presiding over nomos. Throughout Antigone, King Creon is a symbol for nomos, while Antigone stands on the side of physis. To portray these ideas, light and dark images are used as a recurring motif to reinforce the theme. Light is used to show something good that is happening, whereas dark is utilized to show something of†¦show more content†¦These are all positive feedback to the victory of Eteolces, and with the help of these light images, it is easy to identify the chorus thoughts. Another praise to Creon is found in Ode I, where his law against burying Polyneices is referred to as clear intelligence. In this instance, clear is used in the sense that it is easily visible, or obvious, making the statement positive for Creon. Later, in Ode I, the gods again side with Creon, as they refer to his decisions in lines 4 to 5, Earth, holy and inexhaustible, is graven/With shining furrows where his plows have gone... The gods are praising Creon; shining furrows where his plows have gone imply that he has left a good indent on matters that he has ruled on, in this case referring to the law against burying Polyneices. It is once again apparent that nomos is being favored by the chorus. As the middle of Antigone approaches, the chorus seems to be unsure of whom to favor, and is torn between physis and nomos. Because of this, references to light and dark motifs in scenes two and three are ironic, and sometimes even contradictory. In lines 89 to 90 of Scene II, Creon claims, ...crimes kept in the dark/Cry for light. As Creon says this in regards to Antigone, this statement, ironically, could apply to him as well, as his recent actions and abuse of his power could also be considered a crime. This comment actually foreshadows Creons own fate. AnotherShow MoreRelatedThemes of Antigone2022 Words   |  9 PagesThe Themes of Antigone Antigone is credited as one of the best works of Sophocles, ranked by most modern critics above Oedipus the King. There are many aspects of Antigone that make it the play critics love to decipher and rave about. Antigone must be received as the canon of ancient tragedy: no tragedy of antiquity that we possess approaches it in pure idealism, or in harmony of artistic development hails critic Berhardy (Theatre History). He goes on to rave It is the first poem produced byRead MoreSignificance of the Women in Sophocles Antigone Essay2507 Words   |  11 PagesSignificance of the Women in Antigone  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚        Ã‚   Michael J. O’Brien in the Introduction to Twentieth Century Interpretations of Oedipus Rex, maintains that there is â€Å"a good deal of evidence to support this view† that the fifth century playwright was the â€Å"educator of his people† and a â€Å"teacher† (4). Sophocles in his tragedy Antigone teaches about â€Å"morally desirable attitudes and behavior,† (4) and uses a woman as heroine and another woman in a supporting role to do most of the instructingRead More Irony in Sophocles Antigone Essay2352 Words   |  10 Pagesthe irony, in Sophocles’ tragedy Antigone, and see if we don’t conclude that, as it applies to King Creon it brings quite the same result as in Jevons’ stated situation.    In Sophocles: The Theban Plays E. F. Watling comments on Sophocles’ usage of dramatic irony in his dramas: â€Å". . . that powerful and subtle weapon of ‘dramatic irony’ which Sophocles used with especial skill, whereby the audience can judge every speech and action of the play in the light of their previous knowledge of theRead MoreSophocles Antigone And Anouilh s Antigone : A Study Of Loyalty And Her Usefulness As A Character Essay2645 Words   |  11 PagesIsmene in Sophocles’ Antigone and Anouilh’s Antigone: a study in loyalty and her usefulness as a character Sophocles’ Antigone is a well-known Greek play, and Anouilh’s Antigone is a modern twentieth-century adaptation of it. Both deal with the aftermath of Antigone’s choice to go bury her brother Polyneices even though the king, Creon, has expressly forbidden the burial of the traitor brother. Antigone and Creon are of course the central characters, but Ismene, Antigone’s sister, is importantRead More A Comparison of Dover Beach by Matthew Arnold and Prayer Before Brith by Louis MacNeice1107 Words   |  5 PagesBrith by Louis MacNeice Dover Beach by Matthew Arnold, written in 1867, and Prayer Before Birth written in 1951 by Louis MacNeice share many similarities despite being written nearly on hundred years apart from each other. This essay will explore the issues and ideas that both poems share, in addition to drawing attention to some of the key differences. Dover Beach is about the thoughts of a man on his honeymoon, who shares his sentiments about the suffering ofRead MoreA Summary On Tragedy 2914 Words   |  12 PagesHannah Fraser HC 223H Goldberg 03 June 2015 As a summary of the quarter’s work, write an essay that presents your answer to the question of the day, ‘Is tragedy (still) possible?’ Be specific in your definitions, and illustrate your points with examples drawn from class material and anything else you may find helpful. The Foundations of a Tragedy For centuries the only definition of tragedy available to critics was found through Aristotle’s Poetics. Rarely were the ideas of Aristotle challengedRead MoreLiterature: Compare and Contrast - Literary Devices5483 Words   |  22 PagesDevices Kathy J. Shannon University of Phoenix Mickeal M. Donald, Instructor September 3, 2010 Compare and Contrast Literature offers a variety of literary works by authors of all ages, writing non-fiction and fictional stories, poetry, and essays. The act of analyzing two different authors by both comparing their work and isolating their contrasting elements, can be difficult, yet rewarding. Oedipus Rex (Sophocles), written in 429 B.C., offers the authors use of Greek Mythology, oraclesRead MoreThe Sonnet Form: William Shakespeare6305 Words   |  26 Pagesam I, now reason is past care, And frantic mad with evermore unrest, My thoughts and my discourse as madmen’s are, At random from the truth vainly expressed;   Ã‚  Ã‚  For I have sworn thee fair and thought thee bright,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Who art as black as hell, as dark as night. In many ways, Shakespeare’s use of the sonnet form is richer and more complex than this relatively simple division into parts might imply. Not only is his sequence largely occupied with subverting the traditional themes of love sonnets—the

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Develops Vaccines Different Kind Diseases â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Develops Vaccines Different Kind Diseases? Answer: Introduction ABC Corporation Pvt. Ltd., based in Australia, is one of the top research companies in the world that develops vaccines to cure different kind of diseases, which are spreading on a massive scale. Recently, the corporation has developed a vaccine that can treat a deadly virus that is rapidly spreading in West Africa. The vaccine has been tested on infected chimpanzees, which has yielded positive results and the healthcare authorities of the country say that it will take 10 years for the corporation to test it on humans as the side effects of the vaccine on human body are not yet known. Luckily, an African health worker has volunteered to use the vaccine in order to cure thousands of west Africans who have been infected by the virus. This report has been prepared to use the 8-step decision making process and decide whether the health worker should be allowed to use the vaccine or not. Defining the problem The problem that the managers of ABC Corporation are currently facing is a major issue that the people working in such a field are bound to experience. On one hand, the managers are obviously desperate to begin human trials because of the vaccine is actually successful in curing the virus, they will be able to save millions of lives and will also be able to stop the virus from spreading or affecting the future generations. On the other hand, allowing the health worker to use the vaccine on humans, without having adequate knowledge about its side effects on the human body is an unethical decision and might invite legal troubles for the corporation. Further, the failure of the vaccine to work on humans or the possibility of dangerous side effects could make the situation even worse. As a result, the managers of the corporation are facing serious issue that has to be addressed as soon as possible. Decision criteria From the view point of the corporation, reaching a solution to the problem is definitely not easy. The corporation deals in the health industry and is required to follow an ethical approach in whatever decision it takes. Therefore, the solution to the present problem should definitely meet some ethical standards and the corporation should be able to justify its choice of solution. First of all, it is important that the solution taken by the managers of the corporation is ethical and should be in the interest of the general public. Secondly, the solution that the management of the corporation finds to the problem, should be in accordance with the legal bindings so that the corporation does not have to face legal threats at a later stage. Thirdly, the solution to the problem should ensure that the people involved in the research should not face further deterioration of their health because of the vaccine. Lastly, it is important that the corporation is able to justify its choice of solution on ethical grounds so that its reputation does not suffers. Weigh decision criteria To make the process of decision making simpler, the managers of the ABC Corporation can allocate a weightage score to different criteria that they think are involved or should be used to reach a s solution. In this particular case, we have already prepared a list of four criterions that are important to reach a solution. Therefore, their weightage (on a scale of 1-3, where 1 implied less important and 3 implies very important) is given below: CRITERIA WEIGHTAGE Ethicality 2 Legal adherence 3 Public health 3 Reputation 2 The two possible solutions to the problem, as of now is that the company offers the vaccine to the health worker and allow him to use it for treating the infected population or it rejects the proposal and waits until it has completed human trials. Identify alternatives As discussed above, finding a solution to the problem being faced by the corporation is not an easy task and the management will have to identify a number of alternative solutions to ensure that the best decision is made. Some alternatives to the solutions discussed above are discussed below: An alternative solution to the problem being faced by the corporation is that it can find volunteers, who have been infected by the virus and are ready to use the vaccine in order to find a potential cure to their infection. The corporation can follow all the legal proceedings and can make the volunteers sign a contract under which the corporation would not be held responsible for any side effects that are experienced due to the usage of the vaccine. Analysis of alternative The alternative solution to the problem being faced by the corporation can prove to be an effective solution that would help the management in dealing with the issues that it is currently facing. First of all, the alternate solution will help the corporation in avoiding a situation where it would have to wait for another 10 years for trying the vaccine on humans. Furthermore, if the vaccine proves to be successful on the humans as well, the corporation will be able to save millions of lives which would otherwise be lost in 10 years until the vaccine is tried on humans. Thirdly, allowing infected people to volunteer for the vaccine program will allow the corporation to avoid legal trouble, begin human trails immediately and also to perform a thorough research on the effects that the vaccine can have on the humans. Therefore, the alternative solution can help the company in dealing with most of the problems that it is currently facing (Crueltyfreeinternational, n.d.). Selection of an alternative The corporation is at a stage where it does not have much alternatives to choose from. The situation is critical and the lives of millions of infected people are at stake. If the company fails to find immediate alternatives, it would have to wait for a very long time to commence human trails for the vaccine and a lot of lives will be lost in that time gap. As a result, the best alternative solution that the corporation has right now is to look for volunteers who will be ready to try the vaccine and not blame the corporation for any side effects that occur as a result of the usage of the vaccine. Furthermore, as the health worker from Africa is ready to try the vaccine on some of the infected population, it would not be difficult for the corporation to look for volunteers. Therefore, this alternative solution will be the best solution to solve all the problems that the corporation is currently facing. Implementation of the alternative Implementation of the alternative solution would not be a difficult task for the corporation as it already has a health worker demanding the vaccine so that he can use it on the affected people. The company can sign a legal contract with the health worker that the vaccine would be used on the affected people in a controlled quantity and that the corporation would be allowed to carry out a research on the response shown by the body of those people who will be treated with the vaccine. Further, the company can also get it signed that they are using the vaccine according to their own wish and the corporation would not be held responsible for any side effects. Evaluation of the decision it would not be difficult for the corporation to start testing the vaccine on volunteers and the corporation will also be able to proceed with human trails without any legal troubles. Further, it is also possible that the vaccine actually works and is able to cure the infection, which will ultimately help the corporation in saving millions of lives. Conclusion ABC Corporation has definitely worker hard to come up with a cure to a disease that has been affecting millions of lives. Its efforts to save lives are now dependent on the management of the corporation to look for a solution to the ongoing problems. The management should look into the decision process discussed above and should implement an alternative solution, which will help it in dealing with most of its problems. References Goldmeier, J., 2015. Decision marketing Shouldn't be this Complex. [Online] Available at: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/decision-making-shouldnt-complex-jordan-goldmeier[Accessed 22 September 2017]. Crueltyfreeinternational, n.d. Alternatives to animal testing. [Online] Available at: https://www.crueltyfreeinternational.org/why-we-do-it/alternatives-animal-testing[Accessed 22 September 2017]. NIAID, 2013. How To Volunteer for Vaccine Research Studies. [Online] Available at: https://www.niaid.nih.gov/clinical-trials/how-volunteer-vaccine-research-studies[Accessed 22 September 2017]. Walsh, F., 2013. Big rise in volunteers for medical trials. [Online] Available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-22594635 [Accessed 22 September 2017].

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

The Da Vinci Code Review Essay Example

The Da Vinci Code Review Paper Essay on The Da Vinci Code On the one hand, an unprecedented commercial success. On the other blamed all and sundry. This text is an attempt to answer this contradiction. What worries of modern man? The consciousness of modern man and has broken the relativistic nature. In this case, it longs for wholeness, because consciousness is arranged so that tends to be unity. But due to the fact that the classical model is destroyed, and destroyed what it reproduces, modern consciousness is seeking integrity easy way, that is getting quite particular pleasure. The acquisition of integrity through that, where you have to work hard, not an option for him. That is why it is easily offended skillfully organized divorce or just a powerful energy. Hence the popularity of movies and music, and low humor We will write a custom essay sample on The Da Vinci Code Review specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Da Vinci Code Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Da Vinci Code Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The most popular questions today when meeting:. 1. What music do you listen to? 2. What movie looked last? 3. Petrosyan or KamediKlab? The question What are thought lately? This ranking is missing. Maybe it is too intimate and involves first at least sex? I do not know, but in the past usually begins with this. No, I do not want to look for those who used to be better than today. Just fix, especially since before even the mobile phone was not. For modern man it is important that it was popular, entertaining and not to offend the usual level of self-esteem. That is, it needs options pop: though frank, even marginal. For example, hitting the same pop traditional look the same pop, but in a different form. A steeper than metal Fili from the standpoint of spiritual content? The same crowd, and where the crowd there only sincerity, and not the spirit, and if sincerity, any sincerity has the right to life. Sincerity can not be undone, it requires a pop, and she receives it each his own. And what sense to despise other peoples sincerity? In general, it is not in the content of pop music, and in the audience that does not want to work and is looking for a simple solution. So. 1. Interestingly, then, to create the impression of the development and operation of the mind and soul. Its easy well forgotten old, and order. The main thing in this business the theme 2.. Popular, it means available, but that at the same time it seemed very significant and not easy. Here you can and misquote still no one but the units will not understand 3.. Not offended, then it does not create a sense of inferiority. Again, not difficult, the main thing to emphasize: the reader, if you are reading, youre cool, everybody else is just listening to music, movies and telly zyryat Heres how consciousness becomes massive.. Man today is enough to master any craft bottleneck, organize somehow his personal life, and in general he gets the feeling that his life somehow manages. Only a feeling that comes from the very base of consciousness, cheeps, and then the person begins to sink to some segments of the fact that today is called culture. And it is this culture that this peep calms. In fact, a person with such consciousness must be downloaded as a drug. Drug he goes. Oppose this something completely unrealistic. For these people, it is necessary to create an entertaining, popular and non-offensive cultural production. Its like a fairy tale for children to write:. Is easy, interesting, but instructive It is easy, interesting, instructive (LIP) Who is able to provide, and he gets hit. Tom does not need recognition nor critics, nor a variety of solid premium. Hence the popularity of Dan Brown and similar authors. Most popular authors today, with a few exceptions journalists. Thats who is well able to work in the lime genres. The book, written by a lipoma, can actually pave the way for herself and passed from hand to hand to the complete physical destruction. And if she is also a little bit of advertising, it leaves in a rocket bestsellers. So what am I doing? On why useless to criticize Dan Brown. This means to abuse the general reader. But he was like the hare, all of FIG life is short, and so want to not only have time to do everything, but also to understand something. And then the book, and it is there, and in order to understand something, and not just a buzz word. This is what Dan Brown understands, therefore book it is successful.

Monday, March 9, 2020

How to Start a College Essay Perfectly

How to Start a College Essay Perfectly SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips If you’ve been sitting in front of a blank screen, unsure of exactly how to start a personal statement for college, then believe me- I feel your pain. A great college essay introduction is key to making your essay stand out, so there’s a lot of pressure to get it right. Luckily, being able to craft the perfect beginning for your admissions essay is just like many other writing skills- something you can get better at with practice and by learning from examples. In this article, I’ll walk you through exactly how to start a college essay. We'll cover what makes a great personal statement introduction and how the first part of your essay should be structured. We'll also look at several great examples of essay beginnings and explain why they work, how they work, and what you can learn from them. What Is the College Essay Introduction For? Before we talk about how to start a college essay, let's discuss the role of the introduction. Just as your college essay is your chance to introduce yourself to the admissions office of your target college, your essay's beginning is your chance to introduce your writing. Wait, Back Up- Why Do Colleges Want Personal Statements? In general, college essays make it easier to get to know the parts of you not in your transcript- these include your personality, outlook on life, passions, and experiences. You're not writing for yourself but for a very specific kind of reader. Picture it: your audience is an admissions officer who has read thousands and thousands of essays. This person is disposed to be friendly and curious, but if she hasn’t already seen it all she's probably seen a good portion of it. Your essay's job is to entertain and impress this person, and to make you memorable so you don't merely blend into the sea of other personal statements. Like all attempts at charm, you must be slightly bold and out of the ordinary- but you must also stay away from crossing the line into offensiveness or bad taste. What Role Does the Introduction Play in a College Essay? The personal statement introduction is basically the wriggly worm that baits the hook to catch your reader. It's vital to grab attention from the get-go- the more awake and eager your audience is, the more likely it is that what you say will really land. How do you go about crafting an introduction that successfully hooks your reader? Let’s talk about how to structure the beginning of your college essay. Teenagers hard at work on their college applications. How to Structure a Personal Statement Introduction To see how the introduction fits into an essay, let's look at the big structural picture first and then zoom in. College Essay Structure Overview Even though they’re called essays, personal statements are really more like a mix of a short story and a philosophy or psychology class that's all about you. Usually, how this translates is that you start with a really good (and very short) story about something arresting, unusual, or important that happened to you. This is not to say that the story has to be about something important or unusual in the grand scheme of things- it just has to be a moment that stands out to you as defining in some way, or an explanation of why you are the way you are. You then pivot to an explanation of why this story is an accurate illustration of one of your core qualities, values, or beliefs. The story typically comes in the first half of the essay, and the insightful explanation comes second - but, of course, all rules were made to be broken, and some great essays flip this more traditional order. College Essay Introduction Components Now, let’s zero in on the first part of the college essay. What are the ingredients of a great personal statement introduction? I'll list them here and then dissect them one by one in the next section: A killer first sentence: This hook grabs your readers' attention and whets their appetite for your story. A vivid, detailed story that illustrates your eventual insight: To make up for how short your story will be, you must insert effective sensory information to immerse the reader. An insightful pivot toward the greater point you're making in your essay: This vital piece of the essay connects the short story part to the part where you explain what the experience has taught you about yourself, how you've matured, and how it has ultimately shaped you as a person. You've got your reader's attention when you see its furry ears extended †¦ No, wait. Squirrel. You've got your squirrel's attention. Want to write the perfect college application essay? Get professional help from PrepScholar. Your dedicated PrepScholar Admissions counselor will craft your perfect college essay, from the ground up. We'll learn your background and interests, brainstorm essay topics, and walk you through the essay drafting process, step-by-step. At the end, you'll have a unique essay that you'll proudly submit to your top choice colleges. Don't leave your college application to chance. Find out more about PrepScholar Admissions now: How to Write a College Essay Introduction Here’s a weird secret that’s true for most written work: just because it'll end up at the beginning doesn’t mean you have to write it first. For example, in this case, you can’t know what your killer first sentence will be until you’ve figured out the following details: The story you want to tell The point you want that story to make The trait/maturity level/background about you that your essay will reveal So my suggestion is to work in reverse order! Writing your essay will be much easier if you can figure out the entirety of it first and then go back and work out exactly how it should start. This means that before you can craft your ideal first sentence, the way the short story experience of your life will play out on the page, and the perfect pivoting moment that transitions from your story to your insight, you must work out a general idea about which life event you will share and what you expect that life event to demonstrate to the reader about you and the kind of person you are. If you're having trouble coming up with a topic, check out our guide on brainstorming college essay ideas. It might also be helpful to read our guides to specific application essays, such as picking your best Common App prompt and writing a perfect University of California personal statement. In the next sections of this article, I'll talk about how to work backwards on the introduction, moving from bigger to smaller elements: starting with the first section of the essay in general and then honing your pivot sentence and your first sentence. Don't get too excited about working in reverse- not all activities are safe to do backwards. (Jackie/Flickr) How to Write the First Section of Your College Essay In a 500-word essay, this section will take up about the first half of the essay and will mostly consist of a brief story that illuminates a key experience, an important character trait, a moment of transition or transformation, or a step toward maturity. Once you've figured out your topic and zeroed in on the experience you want to highlight in the beginning of your essay, here are 2 great approaches to making it into a story: Talking it out, storyteller style (while recording yourself): Imagine that you're sitting with a group of people at a campfire, or that you're stuck on a long flight sitting next to someone you want to befriend. Now tell that story. What does someone who doesn’t know you need to know in order for the story to make sense? What details do you need to provide to put them in the story with you? What background information do they need in order to understand the stakes or importance of the story? Record yourself telling your story to friends and then chatting about it: What do they need clarified? What questions do they have? Which parts of your story didn’t make sense or follow logically for them? Do they want to know more, or less? Is part of your story interesting to them but not interesting to you? Is a piece of your story secretly boring, even though you think it’s interesting? Later, as you listen to the recorded story to try to get a sense of how to write it, you can also get a sense of the tone with which you want to tell your story. Are you being funny as you talk? Sad? Trying to shock, surprise, or astound your audience? The way you most naturally tell your story is the way you should write it. After you've done this storyteller exercise, write down the salient points of what you learned. What is the story your essay will tell? What is the point about your life, point of view, or personality it will make? What tone will you tell it with? Sketch out a detailed outline so that you can start filling in the pieces as we work through how to write the introductory sections. Baron Munchausen didn't know whether to tell his story sad that his horse had been cut in half, or delighted by knowing what would happen if half a horse drank from a fountain. How to Write the First Sentence of Your College Essay In general, your essay's first sentence should be either a mini-cliffhanger that sets up a situation the reader would like to see resolved, or really lush scene-setting that situates your audience in a place and time they can readily visualize. The former builds expectations and evokes curiosity, and the latter stimulates the imagination and creates a connection with the author. In both cases, you hit your goal of greater reader engagement. Now, I’m going to show you how these principles work for all types of first sentences, whether in college essays or in famous works of fiction. First Sentence Idea 1: Line of Quoted Direct Speech "Mum, I'm gay." (Ahmad Ashraf '17 for Connecticut College) The experience of coming out is raw and emotional, and the issue of LGBTQ rights is an important facet of modern life. This three-word sentence immediately sums up an enormous background of the personal and political. "You can handle it, Matt," said Mr. Wolf, my fourth-grade band teacher, as he lifted the heavy tuba and put it into my arms. (Matt Coppo ’07 for Hamilton College) This sentence conjures up a funny image- we can immediately picture the larger adult standing next to a little kid holding a giant tuba. It also does a little play on words: "handle it" can refer to both the literal tuba Matt is being asked to hold and the figurative stress of playing the instrument. First Sentence Idea 2: Punchy Short Sentence With One Grabby Detail I live alone- I always have since elementary school. (Kevin Zevallos '16 for Connecticut College) This opener definitely makes us want to know more. Why was he alone? Where were the protective grown-ups who surround most kids? How on earth could a little kid of 8-10 years old survive on his own? I have old hands. (First line from a student in Stanford’s class of 2012) There’s nothing but questions here. What are "old" hands? Are they old-looking? Arthritic? How has having these hands affected the author? There was no possibility of taking a walk that day. (Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre) There’s immediately a feeling of disappointment and the stifled desire for action here. Who wanted to go for a walk? And why was this person being prevented from going? First Sentence Idea 3: Lyrical, Adjective-Rich Description of a Setting We met for lunch at El Burrito Mexicano, a tiny Mexican lunch counter under the Red Line "El" tracks. (Ted Mullin ’06 for Carleton College) Look at how much specificity this sentence packs in less than 20 words. Each noun and adjective is chosen for its ability to convey yet another detail. "Tiny" instead of "small" gives readers a sense of being uncomfortably close to other people and sitting at tables that don't quite have enough room for the plates. "Counter" instead of "restaurant" lets us immediately picture this work surface, the server standing behind it, and the general atmosphere. "Under the tracks" is a location deeply associated with being run down, borderline seedy, and maybe even dangerous. Maybe it's because I live in Rhinelander, Wisconsin, where Brett Favre draws more of a crowd on Sunday than any religious service, cheese is a staple food, it's sub-zero during global warming, current "fashions" come three years after they've hit it big with the rest of the world, and where all children by the age of ten can use a 12-gauge like it's their job. (Riley Smith '12 for Hamilton College) This sentence manages to hit every stereotype about Wisconsin held by outsiders- football, cheese, polar winters, backwardness, and guns- and this piling on gives us a good sense of place while also creating enough hyperbole to be funny. At the same time, the sentence raises the tantalizing question: maybe what is because of Wisconsin? High, high above the North Pole, on the first day of 1969, two professors of English Literature approached each other at a combined velocity of 1200 miles per hour. (David Lodge, Changing Places) This sentence is structured in the highly specific style of a math problem, which makes it funny. However, at the heart of this sentence lies a mystery that grabs the reader's interest: why on earth would these two people be doing this? First Sentence Idea 4: Counterintuitive Statement To avoid falling into generalities with this one, make sure you're really creating an argument or debate with your counterintuitive sentence. If no one would argue with what you've said, then you aren't making an argument. ("The world is a wonderful place" and "Life is worth living" don't make the cut.) If string theory is really true, then the entire world is made up of strings, and I cannot tie a single one. (Joanna ’18 for Johns Hopkins University) There’s a great switch here from the sub-microscopic strings that make up string theory to the actual physical strings you can tie in real life. This sentence hints that the rest of the essay will continue playing with linked, albeit not typically connected, concepts. All children, except one, grow up. (J. M. Barrie, Peter Pan) In just six words, this sentence upends everything we think we know about what happens to human beings. First Sentence Idea 5: The End- Making the Rest of the Essay a Flashback I’ve recently come to the realization that community service just isn’t for me. (Kyla ’19 for Johns Hopkins University) This seems pretty bold- aren’t we supposed to be super into community service? Is this person about to declare herself to be totally selfish and uncaring about the less fortunate? We want to know the story that would lead someone to this kind of conclusion. Many years later, as he faced the firing squad, Colonel Aureliano Buendà ­a was to remember that distant afternoon when his father took him to discover ice. (Gabriel Garcà ­a Mrquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude) So many amazing details here. Why is the Colonel being executed? What does "discovering" ice entail? How does he go from ice-discoverer to military commander of some sort to someone condemned to capital punishment? First Sentence Idea 6: Direct Question to the Reader To work well, your question should be especially specific, come out of left field, or pose a surprising hypothetical. How does an agnostic Jew living in the Diaspora connect to Israel? (Essay #3 from Carleton College’s sample essays) This is a thorny opening, raising questions about the difference between being an ethnic Jew and practicing the religion of Judaism, and the obligations of Jews who live outside of Israel to those who live in Israel and vice versa. There's a lot of meat to this question, setting up a philosophically interesting, politically important, and personally meaningful essay. While traveling through the daily path of life, have you ever stumbled upon a hidden pocket of the universe? (First line from a student in Stanford’s class of 2012) There’s a dreamy and sci-fi element to this first sentence, as it tries to find the sublime ("the universe") inside the prosaic ("daily path of life"). First Sentence Idea 7: Lesson You Learned From the Story You’re Telling One way to think about how to do this kind of opening sentence well is to model it on the morals that ended each Aesop's fable. The lesson you learned should be slightly surprising (not necessarily intuitive) and something that someone else might disagree with. Perhaps it wasn't wise to chew and swallow a handful of sand the day I was given my first sandbox, but it seemed like a good idea at the time. (Meagan Spooner ’07 for Hamilton College) The best part of this hilarious sentence is that even in retrospect, eating a handful of sand is only possibly an unwise idea- a qualifier achieved through that great "perhaps." So does that mean it was wise in at least some way to eat the sand? The reader wants to know more. All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. (Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina) This immediately sets readers to mentally flip through every unhappy family they’ve ever known to double-check the narrator’s assertion. Did he draw the right conclusion here? How did he come to this realization? The implication that he will tell us all about some dysfunctional drama also has a rubbernecking draw. Now go! And let your first sentences soar like the Wright Brothers' first airplane! How to Write a Pivot Sentence in Your College Essay This is the place in your essay where you go from small to big- from the life experience you describe in detail to the bigger point this experience illustrates about your world and yourself. Typically, the pivot sentence will come at the end of your introductory section, about halfway through the essay. I say sentence, but this section could be more than one sentence (though ideally no longer than two or three). So how do you make the turn? Usually you indicate in your pivot sentence itself that you are moving from one part of the essay to another. This is called signposting, and it's a great way to keep readers updated on where they are in the flow of the essay and your argument. Here are three ways to do this, with real-life examples from college essays published by colleges. Pivot Idea 1: Expand the Time Frame In this pivot, you gesture out from the specific experience you describe to the overarching realization you had during it. Think of helper phrases such as "that was the moment I realized" and "never again would I." Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. (Stephen '19 for Johns Hopkins University) This is a pretty great pivot, neatly connecting the story Stephen's been telling (about having to break into a car on a volunteering trip) and his general reliance on his own resourcefulness and ability to roll with whatever life throws at him. It's a double bonus that he accomplishes the pivot with a play on the word "click," which here means both the literal clicking of the car door latch and the figurative clicking his brain does. Note also how the pivot crystallizes the moment of epiphany through the word "suddenly," which implies instant insight. But in that moment I realized that the self-deprecating jokes were there for a reason. When attempting to climb the mountain of comedic success, I didn't just fall and then continue on my journey, but I fell so many times that I befriended the ground and realized that the middle of the metaphorical mountain made for a better campsite. Not because I had let my failures get the best of me, but because I had learned to make the best of my failures. (Rachel Schwartzbaum '19 for Connecticut College) This pivot similarly focuses on a "that moment" of illuminated clarity. In this case, it broadens Rachel's experience of stage fright before her standup comedy sets to the way she has more generally not allowed failures to stop her progress- and has instead been able to use them as learning experiences. Not only does she describe her humor as "self-deprecating," but she also demonstrates what she means with that great "befriended the ground" line. It was on this first educational assignment that I realized how much could be accomplished through an animal education program- more, in some cases, than the aggregate efforts of all of the rehabilitators. I found that I had been naive in my assumption that most people knew as much about wildlife as I did, and that they shared my respect for animals. (J.P. Maloney '07 for Hamilton College) This is another classically constructed pivot, as J.P. segues from his negative expectations about using a rehabilitated wild owl as an educational animal to his understanding of how much this kind of education could contribute to forming future environmentalists and nature lovers. The widening of scope happens at once as we go from a highly specific "first educational assignment" to the more general realization that "much" could be accomplished through these kinds of programs. Pivot Idea 2: Link the Described Experience With Others In this pivot, you draw a parallel between the life event that you've been describing in your very short story and other events that were similar in some significant way. Helpful phrases include "now I see how x is really just one of the many x’s I have faced," "in a way, x is a good example of the x-like situations I see daily," and "and from then on every time I ..." This state of discovery is something I strive for on a daily basis. My goal is to make all the ideas in my mind fit together like the gears of a Swiss watch. Whether it's learning a new concept in linear algebra, talking to someone about a programming problem, or simply zoning out while I read, there is always some part of my day that pushes me towards this place of cohesion: an idea that binds together some set of the unsolved mysteries in my mind. (Aubrey Anderson '19 for Tufts University) After cataloging and detailing the many interesting thoughts that flow through her brain in a specific hour, Aubrey uses the pivot to explain that this is what every waking hour is like for her "on a daily basis." She loves learning different things and finds a variety of fields fascinating. And her pivot lets us know that her example is a demonstration of how her mind works generally. This was the first time I’ve been to New Mexico since he died. Our return brought so much back for me. I remembered all the times we’d visited when I was younger, certain events highlighted by the things we did: Dad haggling with the jewelry sellers, his minute examination of pots at a trading post, the affection he had for chilies. I was scared that my love for the place would be tainted by his death, diminished without him there as my guide. That fear was part of what kept my mother and me away for so long. Once there, though, I was relieved to realize that Albuquerque still brings me closer to my father. (Essay #1 from Carleton College’s sample essays) In this pivot, one very painful experience of visiting a place filled with sorrowful memories is used as a way to think about "all the other times" the author had been to New Mexico. The previously described trip after the father's death pivots into a sense of the continuity of memory. Even though he is no longer there to "guide," the author's love for the place itself remains. Pivot Idea 3: Extract and Underline a Trait or Value In this type of pivot, you use the experience you've described to demonstrate its importance in developing or zooming in on one key attribute. Here are some ways to think about making this transition: "I could not have done it without characteristic y, which has helped me through many other difficult moments," or "this is how I came to appreciate the importance of value z, both in myself and in those around me." My true reward of having Stanley is that he opened the door to the world of botany. I would never have invested so much time learning about the molecular structure or chemical balance of plants if not for taking care of him. (Michaela '19 for Johns Hopkins University) In this tongue-in-cheek essay in which Michaela writes about Stanley, a beloved cactus, as if "he" has human qualities and is her child, the pivot explains what makes this plant so meaningful to its owner. Without having to "take care of him," Michaela "would never have invested so much time learning" about plant biology. She has a deep affinity for the natural sciences and attributes her interest at least partly to her cactus. By leaving me free to make mistakes and chase wild dreams, my father was always able to help ground me back in reality. Personal responsibilities, priorities and commitments are all values that are etched into my mind, just as they are within my father’s. (Olivia Rabbitt '16 for Connecticut College) In Olivia's essay about her father's role in her life, the pivot discusses his importance by explaining his deep impact on her values. Olivia has spent the story part of her essay describing her father's background and their relationship. Now, she is free to show how without his influence, she would not be so strongly committed to "personal responsibilities, priorities and commitments." Want to build the best possible college application? We can help. PrepScholar Admissions is the world's best admissions consulting service. We combine world-class admissions counselors with our data-driven, proprietary admissions strategies. We've overseen thousands of students get into their top choice schools, from state colleges to the Ivy League. We know what kinds of students colleges want to admit. We want to get you admitted to your dream schools. Learn more about PrepScholar Admissions to maximize your chance of getting in. A great pivot is like great parkour- sharp, fast, and coming on a slightly unexpected curve. (Peter Waterman/Flickr) College Essay Introduction Examples We've collected many examples of college essays published by colleges and offered a breakdown of how several of them are put together. Now, let's check out a couple of examples of actual college essay beginnings to show you how and why they work. Sample Intro 1 A blue seventh place athletic ribbon hangs from my mantel. Every day, as I walk into my living room, the award mockingly congratulates me as I smile. Ironically, the blue seventh place ribbon resembles the first place ribbon in color; so, if I just cover up the tip of the seven, I may convince myself that I championed the fourth heat. But, I never dare to wipe away the memory of my seventh place swim; I need that daily reminder of my imperfection. I need that seventh place. Two years ago, I joined the no-cut swim team. That winter, my coach unexpectedly assigned me to swim the 500 freestyle. After stressing for hours about swimming 20 laps in a competition, I mounted the blocks, took my mark, and swam. Around lap 14, I looked around at the other lanes and did not see anyone. "I must be winning!" I thought to myself. However, as I finally completed my race and lifted my arms up in victory to the eager applause of the fans, I looked up at the score board. I had finished my race in last place. In fact, I left the pool two minutes after the second-to-last competitor, who now stood with her friends, wearing all her clothes. (From "The Unathletic Department" by Meghan ’17 for Johns Hopkins University) Why Intro Sample 1 Works Here are some of the main reasons that this essay's introduction is super effective. #1: It's Got a Great First Sentence The sentence is short but still does some scene setting with the descriptive "blue" and the location "from my mantel." It introduces a funny element with "seventh place"- why would that bad of a showing even get a ribbon? It dangles information just out of reach, making the reader want to know more: what was this an award for? Why does this definitively non-winning ribbon hang in such a prominent place of pride? #2: It Has Lots of Detail In the intro, we get physical actions: "cover up the tip," "mounted the blocks," "looked around at the other lanes," "lifted my arms up," and "stood with her friends, wearing all her clothes." We also get words conveying emotion: "mockingly congratulates me as I smile," "unexpectedly assigned," and "stressing for hours." Finally, we get descriptive specificity in the precise word choice: "from my mantel" and "my living room" instead of simply "in my house," and "lap 14" instead of "toward the end of the race." #3: It Explains the Stakes Even though everyone can imagine the lap pool, not everyone knows exactly what the "500 freestyle" race is. Meghan elegantly explains the difficulty by describing herself freaking out over "swimming 20 laps in a competition," which helps us to picture the swimmer going back and forth many times. #4: It Has Great Storytelling We basically get a sports commentary play-by-play here. Even though we already know the conclusion- Meghan came in 7th- she still builds suspense by narrating the race from her point of view as she was swimming it. She's nervous for a while, and then she starts the race. Close to the end, she starts to think everything is going well ("I looked around at the other lanes and did not see anyone. 'I must be winning!' I thought to myself."). Everything builds to an expected moment of great triumph ("I finally completed my race and lifted my arms up in victory to the eager applause of the fans") but ends in total defeat ("I had finished my race in last place"). Not only that, but the mildly clichà ©d sports hype is hilariously undercut by reality ("I left the pool two minutes after the second-to-last competitor, who now stood with her friends, wearing all her clothes"). #5: It Uses a Pivot Sentence This essay uses the time expansion method of pivoting: "But, I never dare to wipe away the memory of my seventh place swim; I need that daily reminder of my imperfection. I need that seventh place." Coming last in the race was something that happened once, but the award is now an everyday experience of humility. The rest of the essay explores what it means for Meghan to constantly see this reminder of failure and to transform it into a sense of acceptance of her imperfections. Notice also that in this essay, the pivot comes before the main story, helping us "hear" the narrative in the way she wants us to. Sample Intro 2 "Biogeochemical. It’s a word, I promise!" There are shrieks and shouts in protest and support. Unacceptable insults are thrown, degrees and qualifications are questioned, I think even a piece of my grandmother’s famously flakey parantha whizzes past my ear. Everyone is too lazy to take out a dictionary (or even their phones) to look it up, so we just hash it out. And then, I am crowned the victor, a true success in the Merchant household. But it is fleeting, as the small, glossy, plastic tiles, perfectly connected to form my winning word, are snatched out from under me and thrown in a pile with all the disgraced, "unwinning" tiles as we mix for our next game of Bananagrams. It’s a similar donnybrook, this time ending with my father arguing that it is okay to use "Rambo" as a word (it totally is not). Words and communicating have always been of tremendous importance in my life: from silly games like Bananagrams and our road-trip favorite "word game," to stunted communication between opposing grandparents, each speaking a different Indian language; from trying to understand the cheesemonger behind the counter with a deep southern drawl (I just want some Camembert!), to shaping a script to make people laugh. Words are moving and changing; they have influence and substance. From an Essay by Shaan Merchant ‘19 for Tufts University Want to write the perfect college application essay? Get professional help from PrepScholar. Your dedicated PrepScholar Admissions counselor will craft your perfect college essay, from the ground up. We'll learn your background and interests, brainstorm essay topics, and walk you through the essay drafting process, step-by-step. At the end, you'll have a unique essay that you'll proudly submit to your top choice colleges. Don't leave your college application to chance. Find out more about PrepScholar Admissions now: Why Intro Sample 2 Works Let's take a look at what qualities make this essay's introduction particularly memorable. #1: It's Got a Great First Sentence With the first sentence, we are immediately thrust into the middle of the action- into an exciting part of an argument about whether "biogeochemical" is really a word. We're also immediately challenged. Is this a word? Have I ever heard it before? Does a scientific neologism count as a word? #2: It Shows Rather Than Tells Since the whole essay is going to be about words, it makes sense for Shaan to demonstrate his comfort with all different kinds of language: Complex, elevated vocabulary, such as "biogeochemical" and "donnybrook" Foreign words, such as "parantha" and "Camembert" Colorful descriptive words, such as "shrieks and shouts," "famously flakey, "whizzes past," and "hash it out" "Fake" words, such as "unwinning" and "Rambo" What’s great is that Shaan is able to seamlessly mix the different tones and registers these words imply, going from cerebral to funny and back again. #3: It Uses a Pivot Sentence This essay uses the value-extraction style of pivot: "Words and communicating have always been of tremendous importance in my life." After we see an experience linking Shaan’s clear love of his family with an interest in word games, he clarifies that this is exactly what the essay will be about- using a very straightforward pivoting sentence. #4: It Piles On Examples to Avoid Vagueness The danger of this kind of pivot sentence is slipping into vague, uninformative statements, such as "I love words." To avoid making a generalization the tells us nothing, the essay builds a list of examples of times when Shaan saw the way that words connect people: games ("Bananagrams and our road-trip favorite ‘word game,’"), his mixed-language family ("grandparents, each speaking a different Indian language"), encounters with strangers ("from trying to understand the cheesemonger"), and finally the more active experience of performing ("shaping a script to make people laugh"). But the essay stops short of giving so many examples that the reader drowns. I'd say three to five examples is a good range- as long as they're all different kinds of the same thing. Several keys offer a good chance of unlocking a door; a giant pile of keys is its own unsolvable maze. The Bottom Line: How to Start a College Essay The college essay introduction should hook your reader and make her want to know more and read more. Good personal statement introductions will contain the following features: A killer first line A detailed description of an experience from your life A pivot to the bigger picture, in which you explain why and how this experience has shaped you, your point of view, and/or your values. You don’t have to write the introduction first, and you certainly don’t have to write your first sentence first. Instead, start by developing your story by telling it out loud to a friend. You can then work on your first sentence and your pivot. The first sentence should either be short, punchy, and carry some ambiguity or questions, or be a detailed and beautiful description setting an easily pictured scene. The pivot, on the other hand, should answer the question, "How does the story you’ve told connect to a larger truth or insight about you?" What’s Next? Wondering what to make of the Common Application essay prompts? We have the complete list of this year’s Common App prompts with explanations of what each is asking as well as a guide to picking the Common App prompt that’s perfect for you. Thinking of applying to the University of California system? Check out our detailed guide on how to approach their essay prompts and craft your ideal UC essay. If you’re in the middle of the essay-writing process, you’ll want to see our suggestions on what essay pitfalls to avoid. Working on the rest of your college application? Read what admissions officers wish applicants knew before applying. 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Friday, February 21, 2020

Proposal Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Proposal - Essay Example s showed correlations between violent video games and aggression (Gentile), poor social skills (Kutner and Olson), racism (Anderson, Buckley, and Gentile 8), and poor academic achievement (Bryant). Although the causative nature of violent video games is not yet widely accepted, several studies depict that the more time children spend in playing these games with crude language, the more verbally and physically aggressive they become (Anderson, Buckley, and Gentile; Fink). Bad language in violent media is a critical factor, because it can arouse negative thoughts and images, which can drive aggression (Fink). There could be a connection between listening to and speaking crude language, even if it is just â€Å"fantasy† or make-believe play for these games, and actually feeling and being more aggressive against others. These relationships between playing violent media and poor social and academic skills are not surprising, since the military has used violent video games to desensitize and to train soldiers to kill (Gentile). If the military can use violent media to prepare these soldiers for combat, it is not impossible for the same conditioning to happen for young children, whose moral, intellectual, and psychological stages are not prepared to understand the difference between â€Å"playing† and real-life aggression and violence. This is a proposal for a paper determining the impacts of violent video games on the youth, especially those kinds which contain profane language. Profane language pertains to cursing and treating other people verbally with disrespect. The topic of this proposal is violent video games with crude language. These are games that some adults normally play for fun and recreation. These games are also commonly made for adult audiences. They are not supposed to be played by adolescents, especially by younger children. In reality, however, children and teenagers have easy access to these games. Their parents may not be aware of the ratings on these